Illinois Outdoors at
RulesIllinois Outdoors at

Birds of Illinois

1 of 2 pages  1 2 > 


Photo by Fred Zwicky of a juvenile ruby-throated hummingbird.

Ruby-throated hummingbird

Scientific Name: Archilochus colubris
Present in Illinois: Late April-early October
Illinois Status: Common migrant and fairly common summer resident
Illinois Range: Statewide
Illinois Habitat: Frequents woodlands, woods edge, weedy areas and gardens
Winter Range: Northwest Mexico and extreme south Texas to Costa Rica, occasionally western Panama
Length: 3 1/4 inches
Weight: 0.1 ounces
Description: Iridescent green back and head with white belly; bright red throat on male
Song: High squeaky notes
Nest: 1 to 1 1/4 inch cup of leaves held together with spider webs; decorated with lichens and moss
Eggs: 2 white
Broods per year: Two or three
Food: Nectar, tree sap, small insects and spiders
Habits: The male courtship display is a flight of wide arcs; both males and females are highly aggressive and fight for space and food
Notable: Smallest bird in North America and the only species of hummingbird in the eastern United States; favor columbine and trumpet vines in the spring and summer and jewelweed patches in the fall.
SOURCE—The Birds of Illinois by H. David Bohlen

Other Birds of Illinois

Outdoors Archives

August 2007
      1 2 3 4
5 6 7 8 9 10 11
12 13 14 15 16 17 18
19 20 21 22 23 24 25
26 27 28 29 30 31  

Monthly Archives


Copyright © 2007-2014 GateHouse Media, Inc.
Some Rights Reserved
Original content available for non-commercial use
under a Creative Commons license, except where noted.
Creative Commons